A Famous Case in the Bombay High Court
One of the oldest High Courts of India is the Bombay High Court. It was inaugurated on 14th August,1862. The Bombay High Court has been the site for several important trials and court cases.
One example is the case of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, who was tried a number of times in the Bombay high Court. He was called the "The father of the Indian unrest” by British Colonials. He was a journalist who wrote about nationalist ideas. He combined religion in political matters and lead many to devotion of the Bhagavad Gita. He was sentenced to six years of imprisonment on charges of sedition. While in prison, he wrote his famous book, “The True Import of the Gita”. Around this time, two British officers named W.C Rand and Lt. Ayester were murdered. Because of his writings, he was charged with inciting to murder. His writings in Marathi newspaper, Kesari, fiercely opposed the British dictatorship. His trial for sedition was held in 1916 and was called Emperor v. Bal Gangadhar Tilak. He had contacted The King Emperor of Britain and promised his support and with the power of his words was able to get new recruits for war. He was a strong advocate of Swaraj or self-rule. His philosophy was “Swaraj (self-rule) is my birthright and I shall have it”. Tilak attempted to persuade Mahatma Gandhi to abandon the idea of absolute non-violence and attain swaraj. Although Gandhi had tremendous respect for Tilak, he stayed with his philosophy of non-violence (ahimsa).